Most dentists will make a general statement about how genetic conditions can create tooth anomalies, but they don't regularly detail the specific conditions. One of the rarest genetic conditions that affects the teeth is taurodontism. The condition is common in patients that have Ackerman Syndrome, a genetic anomaly that results in dental anomalies, among other problems. Knowing the symptoms of taurodontism is the first step in figuring out whether you or a loved one has the genetic anomaly so that you can seek proper dental healthcare guidance.
Causes of the condition
The exact cause of the genetic anomaly that causes taurodontism, or bull teeth, is not clearly known. However, the mechanism that leads to bull teeth is the failure or late folding out of Hertwig's special root sheath. The root sheath is responsible for the forming and shaping of teeth, specifically molars. When the process does not occur as it should, the root fornication suffers an apical shift.
Symptoms of Taurodontism
The most basic indicator that you might have taurodontism is the presence of elongated pulp chambers in the teeth and especially the molars. The elongated pulp chamber affects the structure of the tooth, which often results in the tooth lying deep in the jaw. Dental X-rays of people with the condition usually show pyramidal molar roots, and at times, the roots may become completely fused.
Prevalence of the condition
Taurodontism in baby teeth is not a common trait; however, the condition is quite common, especially among Caucasian adults with a prevalence rate of 2.5 per cent. People from Trinidad and Tobago seem to have a higher rate of taurodontism in their premolars with a prevalence rate of 4.79 per cent.
Diagnosis and treatment
As stated, the condition is common in patients with Ackerman syndrome. Other symptoms that could point to the genetic anomaly include juvenile glaucoma, a broad and thick philtrum, entropion of the eyelids and wedge-shaped little fingers. The only way to know if you have the anomaly is by visiting a genetics specialist and having them assess your symptoms, run tests and give a diagnosis.
Taurodontism presents dentists with challenges when handling root canal procedures, tooth extraction, and other common dental processes. It is therefore important to get a professional dentist to deal with your dental health if you have been diagnosed with taurodontism. This will help you get the continuous care and management guidelines that you need and also protect you from possible complications.